Categories of Tawhid

Tthe meaning of Tawhid-ul-Rububiyyah, Tawhid-ul-Uluhiyyah, and Tawhid-ul-Asma’ wal-Sifat

Forms of Tawhid


Believing that the universe is controlled by other than Allah is Kufr

Limits of thinking about Allah’s creation

The claim that the rock of Bayt-ul-Maqdis is floating into space

Allah creating seven earths and seven heavens

Sex-change operations

Believing that children are not the bounty of Allah and that provisions are controlled by other than Him

Allah making someone a means for obtaining provision or averting harm for another

Provision as controlled by Allah in every resepct

What is the validity of the apeman theory

The creation of man

Man’s vicegerency on earth

Can the air and other elements be described as natural


Testifying that there is no true deity except Allah

Seeking the help of other than Allah and supplicating to them

Performing Salah behind an Imam who seeks the help of other than Allah and befriends them

Awliya’ have no authority over anyone

Seeking the help of the dead and supplicating to them besides Allah

Performing the Pillars of Islam and supplicating to other than Allah

A person who prays, fasts, and observes the pillars of Islam but supplicates to other than Allah 

Permissibility of seeking the help of other than Allah

Seeking the help of the dead or the absent is major Shirk

The Hadith of the blind man who sought the help of the Prophet (peace be upon him) after his death

Refuting the claims of the followers of Bid`ahs about supplicating to the dead and the diacritical marks and dots of the Qur’an

Repentance from Bid`ahs and sins

Performing Salah behind an Imam who seeks the help of the dead

Believing in the supplication of other than Allah and that the Messenger and the Awliya’ are still alive, and describing the Messenger as being created from the Light of Allah

Supplicating to the dead and the absent and seeking their help

Invoking the servants of Allah’s Most Beautiful Names to fulfill one’s needs

Seeking the help of the jinn or angels

A person is not to be excused for being ignorant about the fundamentals of Iman 

Asking for the help of the dead or the absent

Saying Dhikr collectively like what is done in the Sufi orders is an act of Bid`ah 

Supplicating to the Awliya’ and the pious people to ward off evil and pretending to know the Ghayb

Supplicating to other than Allah is major Shirk

Tawassul by other than Allah and wiping the graves

None but Allah can relieve distresses and ward off evils

Visiting the graves of the pious people and seeking help from them in cases of sickness

The dead, whether pious or not, cannot hear supplications

Ruling on those who seek the help of other than Allah when stricken by misfortune 

Making Du`a’ to Allah by virtue of the status of the Messenger of Allah, the Sahabah, or others 

Supplicating to other than Allah

slaughtering for other than Allah and seeking the help of the dead and the absent

Supplicating to Allah in His Most Beautiful Names

Allah (may He be Glorified) has prescribed Du`a’ and ordered the people to observe it

Supplicating to Allah

Seeking help from the jinn to fulfill one’s needs

Invoking Allah’s Messenger (peace be upon him) or other people when standing up or sitting down

Invoking other than Allah, such as the prophets and the righteous people, and asking for their protection from evil 

The living, whether they are Awliya’ or not, can help whoever seeks their help concerning the normal needs 

Claiming that `Aly ibn Abu Talib (may Allah be pleased with him) can repel harm from others after his death

Supplicating to Al-Khadir and seeking his help

Seeking help from the dead is Shirk

Seeking the help of the prophets and Awliya’

Seeking help from living humans regarding those things which they are able to do


Making vows is an act of worship, which is an exclusive right of Allah

Believing in the permissibility of making vows and slaughtering animals for the dead

Making vows for other than Allah

Slaughtering animals for other than Allah

Vowing lawful food or animal for other than Allah

Seeking help from the Awliya’, making vows for them, or supplicating to Allah by the virtue of their status 

Undesirability of making vows

Making vows for the shrines of shayks is Shirk

Slaughtering animals for other than Allah

Slaughtering animals at graves 

Prostrating and slaughtering animals at graves

Slaughtering animals for a dead person claimed to be a Waliy (pious person) and building a shrine over his grave

Slaughtering animals to entertain guests or out of generosity towards one’s family 

Slaughtering animals at graves

Slaughtering animals at the graves of Awliya’

Slaughtering animals at the graves of the Awliya’ and supplicating through them

Slaughtering animals at graves and making Ruqyah by other than Qur’an are Bid`ahs

Visiting the dead Awliya’ and asking them to fulfill one’s needs

Slaughtering animals at the shrines

Eating from the animals slaughtered at the shrines

Religious scholars who beat duff and drums and build Masjids on graves

Seeking medical treatment by slaughtering sheep or chicken on the sick person’s chest or head 

Slaughtering animals to cure diseases

Going around the graves of the Awliya’

slaughtering animals at shrines

Slaughtering animals for jinn

Slaughtering animals for the jinn and invoking them to fulfill a need

Claiming the lawfulness of eating the slaughtered animal of a Mushrik on which Allah’s Name is mentioned

The superstition of slaughtering in the valley

Slaughtering animals for other than Allah is major Shirk

Slaughtering by the Name of Allah to feed guests or relatives 

Slaughtering on the threshold of the new house 

Believing in Muhammad (peace be upon him) then associating others in worship with Allah

Eating the meat of the sacrificial animal offered for the Waliy

Eating the meat of a sacrificial animal slaughtered on the Prophet’s birthday and other people’s birthdays 

Whoever utters the Shahadah while believing in its significance and acting accordingly is a believing Muslim

Making benefit of the animals set free to roam by non-Muslims

Slaughtering animals when holding arbitration for disputes

Slaughtering animals at the location of one of the two conflicting parties to reconcile between them 

Slaughtering a sheep or the like for another person 

Slaughtering animals for guests

Slaughtering animals as Sadaqah in special occasions with the intention of drawing close to Allah

Praying behind an Imam who eats the meat of animals slaughtered for other than Allah

Venerating other than Allah (may He be Glorified)

Welcoming a coming person by standing up and kissing them 

Bowing or to taking off shoes to greet others 

Impermissibility of bowing to greet a Muslim or a non-Muslim 

Students standing up when their teacher enters the classroom 

Standing up as a way of honoring the national anthem

Saluting the flag, honoring officers, and shaving beards when in the army 

Saluting the leaders and the presidents like non-Muslims do

Ruqyah and amulets

The Qur’an heals the ailments of the hearts and bodies 

Reciting Surah Al-Ikhlas, Al-Mu`awwidhatayn, and Al-Fatihah as a cure for illness 

Ruqyah with the Qur’an, Dhikr, and Du`a’ 

Seeking treatment by reciting the Qur’an through Ruqyah and making amulets and charms with it 

Saying Ruqyah in return for fees 

Reciting the Qur’an for a sick person

Treating patients through Ruqyah by reciting the Qur’an and saying Dhikr and Du`a’ reported in authentic Hadith

Writing some Ayahs of the Qur’an

Whoever visits a diviner and asks them about anything, their Prayers will not be accepted for forty nights 

Permissibility of Ruqyah by reciting the Qur’an for others 

The lawful Ruqyah is that taken from the Qur’an and the Du`a’ reported in authentic Hadith 

Ruqyah by reciting the Qur’an and saying Dhikr and Du`a’ reported in authentic Hadith 

Charms, amulets and love-potions count as Shirk 

Treating a person possessed by jinn according to the Shari`ah

Ruqyah is permissible when it does not entail any Shirk 

Permissibility of supplicating with the Names of Allah to be cured from illness 

Going to a diviner in cases of illness 

Ruqyah used by Bedouins seeking treatment from vermin bites 

Going to practitioners of acts of Shirk who supplicate and seek help from the dead

Treating a patient possessed by jinn by reciting Ayat over them 

Ruqyah by reciting the Qur’an, Dhikr and anything that does not entail Shirk


Writing an Ayah of the Qur’an and wearing it around the upper arm 

Carrying pocket-sized copies of the Mushaf for protection against envy or the envious eye 

Reciting the Qur’an on some water of Zamzam then giving it to someone to drink to fulfill a need

Writing Qur’anic Ayahs or any other Du`a’ Ma’thur to be hung on the sick seeking recovery 

Wearing Qur’anic amulets by humans 

Wearing amulets and talismans containing some Qur’anic Ayahs

Reciting some Ayahs on water for the sick and asking them to drink it 

Ruling on Ruqyah and amulets

Writing some Ayahs of the Qur’an and Allah’s Most Beautiful Names in amulets to be worn around the neck 

Wearing amulets containing Ayahs, Hadith, or strange words by the sick 

Istighfar and Du`a’ for a person who used to invoke the dead

Receiving fees for making amulets

“Whoever wears an amulet, may Allah not fulfill their want for them, and whoever wears a seashell, may Allah not give them peace” 

Putting a piece of cloth, leather, or the like on the abdomen of a baby 

Praying behind who makes amulets containing Ayahs or Du`a’ 

Offering Salah while wearing amulets

Al-Hijab Al-Hasin is an abhorred Bid`ah and a kind of making amulets

Using a chain for self-preservation, marketing, and offering it to a girl to marry her 

Hanging a piece of metal by a woman during the postpartum period or by a circumcised person as a charm to bring benefit or prevent evil

Eating from animals slaughtered by those who profess Shahadah, perform Salah, pay Zakah, observe Sawm, and perform Hajj but wear amulets 

Wearing amulets containing Ayahs and other writings 

Making unlawful Dhikr a means of protection

Prostration before other than Allah

Whoever dies as a disbeliever will not be forgiven and shall abide forever in Hell 

Prostrating before other than Allah and slaughtering animals for them

Performing Ruku` for one’s parents

Swearing by other than Allah

Swearing by other than Allah and saying “What Allah and I will” and “None can help me except Allah and you” 

Swearing by honesty

Swearing by other than Allah as Shirk

Seeking help from the Jinn, hypnosis and swearing by people

Swearing by other than Allah

Taking an oath by other than Allah

Praying behind someone who swears by other than Allah and hangs amulets

Swearing by Allah and His Attributes

Swearing by a pious shaykh

Swearing by graves and shaykhs

Swearing by the Qur’an and by other than Allah

Exaggeration regarding graves and building Masjids over them

Cursing the religion and ridiculing anything related to the Qur’an or the Sunnah

The vision attributed to the attendant of the Prophet’s grave

Visiting graves for anyone other than women

There is no obedience to a creature in disobedience to the Creator

Destroying statues and obliterate their drawings and wiping out pictures and their drawings

Demolishing small and big Masjids built over graves

Prostrating and slaughtering animals on graves

Taking graves as places of worship

Prostrating and slaughtering animals on graves

Praying in a Masjid where someone is buried

Praying in Masjids that have graves and shrines

Building Masjids over the graves of the Awliya’

Praying in a Masjid with a grave and honoring the dead and invoking them

Building and praying in a Masjid that has a grave in it

Building Masjids over graves

Giving in charity to build a Masjid over the grave

Participating in building a Masjid over a grave

Building over graves as an abominable Bid`ah

Building Masjids over graves

Cursing Islam is an act of serious Riddah

Praying in a Masjid that has a grave and taking it a place of distributing charity and food among people

Praying in the shrine seeking blessings from the Waliy

Praying in a Masjid built over an old cemetery

Building a Masjid over an old cemetery

Offering Jumu`ah prayer in the Masjid where there are graves

Including the mentioned grave or any part of the cemetery in the Masjid

Placing a grave in the Masjid

Specifying an area in the Masjid to bury the person who built it or any other person

Praying in the Masjid built over a grave and invoking the dead

Making the Prophet’s grave a place visited daily

Visiting Al-Masjid Al-Nabawy

Traveling to Madinah to pray in Al-Masjid Al-Nabawy

Traveling to visit the graves of the prophets, righteous people and others

Visiting the Prophet’s Masjid and praying there

Pilgrims visiting the Prophet’s grave and Al-Baqi`

Visiting the graves of righteous men, slaughtering for them and supplicating to them

Ibn Al-Qayyim’s stance from traveling to Al-Khalil’s grave and claiming the fire will end

Seeking blessings from graves and their dwellers

Exceeding the proper limits regarding the Messenger

The Prophet is a light in terms of the light of his message and guidance

The presence of the Prophet or any other dead person at the deathbed of another

Claiming the Messenger is not human like us and that he knows the Ghayb and is omnipotent

Allah is the only Self-Existing Being

Allah showing in the Qur’an that Muhammad is human

Claiming the Prophet is unified with Allah

The one who approached and came closer was Jibril until the Prophet saw him

The first human being Allah created was Adam

The Prophet as a light that provides the right guidance

The Prophet is human and has a shadow like all humans 

The Hadith “Had it not been for you, the orbit of celestial bodies would not have been created”

The claim that the Prophet is created from the Light of Allah 

The Messenger is born to a human father and mother

The claim that the Messenger is created from the Light of Allah

The heavens and the earth were not created for his sake (peace be upon him)

Our Prophet is alive in his grave in the sense of the life of Al-Barzakh

The dead do not hear the calls or supplications of living people

Invoking the Prophet after his death to fulfill needs or seeking his help in removing distress

The formula of sending blessings on the Messenger when visiting his grave

Allah is over His Throne

The heaven and earth were not created for the sake of Muhammad

Allah revealed to the Prophet what He revealed to no other

The dead hearing the Prophet’s call

The Prophet is alive in his grave in the sense of the life of Al-Barzakh


The guidance of the Messenger in visiting the graves

Tawassul through the Awliya’

Tawassul to Allah by the honor, sanctity or blessings of the Prophet or another

Tawassul through prophets and the Awliya’

Visiting the graves to supplicate to the dead or ask for their help or intercession

Believing the Awliya’ as means of healing from illnesses and holding annual Mawlids for them

Tawassul through the entities, honor, or right of creatures

Calling on “the Prophet’s honor” or “being dutiful to parents” upon leaving a gathering

Tawassul by the Messenger and Awliya’

Tawassul through creatures

Tawassul through the Qur’an and certain days

Tawassul by the honor, person or status of the Messenger

Tawassul through the blessing of the Qur’an or some creatures

Reading a book that includes Tawassul through the Prophet and asking for his intercession

Tawassul through prophets and righteous men

Swearing by other than Allah

Tawassul by the rights of prophets and Awliya’ and through their honor

Tawassul through the Prophet as in the weak Hadith


Definition and meaning of magic

The difference between magic and evil eye

Death and life are predestined by Allah

Learning magic

The fabricated Hadith of “Learn magic, but do not practice it”

A sorcerer using something against Islam

A woman going to see a male doctor

Causing harm to others

Visiting a sorcerer to break a spell

“Whoever goes to a soothsayer and believes what he says, has disbelieved”

The Shari`ah allowed treatment for a spell

Seeking treatment in unlawful means and consulting sorcerers and soothsayers

Visiting sorcerers and enchanters to treat diseases

Treating magic with Ruqyah and Shari`ah supplications

Breaking the spell of a sorcerer by using a counter spell 

Breaking a spell by a counter spell

Believing that knot tying cures diseases

The Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) was afflicted with Sihr

Supernatural Matters: the Truth and the Falsehood

Miracles of the Prophets

Supernatural Matters: the Truth and the Falsehood  > Karamat-ul- Awliya’

The truth of Karamat-ul-Awliya’

The Awliya’ are faithful and pious people 

Allah has created the people with different minds and knowledge

Supernatural Matters: the Truth and the Falsehood  > Soothsaying

Praying behind an Imam who denies the Sunnah and commits Bid`ahs

Going to soothsayers to be pregnant

Claiming knowledge of the Ghayb by drawing lines on the sand or the like is an act of soothsaying 

“Whoever visits a diviner and asks them about anything, their Salah will not be accepted for forty nights” 

Consulting a practitioner of Arab medicine is soothsaying


Seeking help from the jinn to know the Ghayb and the ruling on hypnosis

Dealing with soothsayers and diviners

Offering Salah behind an immoral soothsayer who claims knowledge of Ghayb 

Funeral Prayer offered for soothsayers

Seeking the help of jinn and turning to them to fulfill one’s needs 

Going to those who seek the help of jinn to cure diseases

Going to soothsayers, diviners, and the like, and seeking their help 

Going to soothsayers, diviners, and sorcerers, and asking them about the Ghayb 

Going to soothsayers to soothsayers to know the thief

Going to someone who claims to know where lost items are just by reading the Qur’an and Hadith 

Seeking healing from soothsayers

Going to soothsayers for the sake of treatment and the like

Going to soothsayers and believing them

No one can harm or benefit anybody except by the Will of Allah 

Giving soothsayers money to avoid their harm

Consulting diviners and soothsayers and wearing amulets

Breaks spells using the method of numbers 

Consulting those who claim knowledge of the Ghayb

Consulting a doctor who treats patients with Arabic medicines 

Going to a person who claims knowledge of the book

Reconciling between the two Hadiths of “Whoever visits a diviner and asks them…” and “Whoever visits a soothsayer and believes them…”

Supernatural Matters: the Truth and the Falsehood  > Astrology

Prediction of natural occurrences according to the positions of celestial bodies 

Astrologers do not know the Ghayb

Speaking, supplicating, or whispering to a stone is an act of Shirk

Supernatural Matters: the Truth and the Falsehood  >The science of arithmetic and astronomy

Reconciling between science and religion in issues that appear to be contradictory 

Relying on calendar to determine the beginning of Ramadan 

Knowing the time of solar and lunar eclipses through calculation of planets movements 

Predicting the weather conditions is based on awareness of the universal laws of Allah

Supernatural Matters: the Truth and the Falsehood  > Charlatanry

The Awliya’ of Allah and the Awliya’ of Satan

Consulting charlatans and wearing amulets

Sufi Tariqahs and charlatanism

Going to charlatans for treatment

Using Jinn and conjuring them by means of supplications and charms

Talking to the dead

Supernatural Matters: the Truth and the Falsehood  > Modern inventions

Testing the earth with modern equipment and instruments to discover what is inside it

Chemistry taught to students in schools is different from alchemy regarded as unlawful by scholar

Bad Omens

Authenticity of Hadith “Run from the leper as you run away from a lion”

Being superstitious of months, days, birds and the like


Photographs taken for necessity or for decorative purposes

Taking photographs of living creatures

Photography and keeping photographs

Photography in Islam

Taking photographs of humans and other beings

Taking photographs of creatures with souls using cameras or the like

Taking photos of living beings is unlawful whether the photo is three-dimensional, photographic, manual, or sculpture

Photography and buying magazines that have pictures in them


Suspicions about the unlawfulness of photography

Televised images on TV and videotapes

Drawing living beings

Taking photographs of living creatures

Absolute prohibition of taking photographs of living creatures

China decorated with pictures and used only when necessary

Cursing both Musawwir and the one whose photo is taken

Earning living from photography and putting photos of living beings at homes

The passion for the physical form

Illustrative images in academic and scientific books and magazines

Drawing illustrative images on the board during teaching

Using drawings and shapes of living beings such as humans and the like

Taswir of non-living beings

Scale models of the two Sacred Mosques

Putting photographs of animals or humans in a Masjid

Taking photographs of animate creatures or hanging them in Masjids and other places

Possessing magazines that contain photographs

Keeping daily newspapers and magazines which include pictures

Pictures inside the books

Taking photographs and making sculptures of living beings

Sculpture and photography of living beings

Erecting statues

Statues and the so-called “Unknown Soldier Monument”

Sculpture, classical paintings, and abstract art 

Attitude of artists towards the Hadiths prohibiting Taswir

Taking photographs of living beings such as human beings and animals and keeping the photos

Taking family photographs

Taking photos of the bride, bridegroom, and their families at weddings

Keeping photos as mementos

Photographing women

Taking photos of Muslims offering congregational Salah and of children reciting the Qur’an

Pictures on paper money

Keeping pictures of living beings hung on the wall

Hanging pictures on the walls

Hanging pictures on the walls of houses

Keeping the prohibited photos

Keeping pictures even if not hung on walls

Selling statues as a profession

Prohibition of taking photos of living beings and earning a living from them

Depicting the Companions

The price of selling prohibited photos

Owning stuffed birds and animals

Possessing stuffed birds sold as gifts and decorative ornaments

Putting photos in ID cards

Photography to get an ID card

Photo of a woman’s face in a passport

“Angels do not enter the house in which there is a picture, a statute or a dog”

Copying images and earning a living from photography

Prohibition of taking photographs of living beings such as people and animals, unless when necessary

Photocopying ID cards and documents that bear photographs

Major Shirk

The difference between major Shirk and minor Shirk

The meaning of “And do not marry Al-Mushrikat”

Invoking other than Allah such as Jinn, dead and absentees and those who follow idolatrous conventions

Similarity of committing acts of Shirk and never entering Islam

Obeying Allah in His legislations

Praying behind someone who invokes other than Allah

Allah created all creatures to worship Him Alone

Sending peace on Allah’s Messenger while facing his grave and deeds of major and minor Shirk

Manifestations of Shirk in Muslim Communities

Ruling on violating Islamic `Aqidah out of ignorance

Minor Shirk

Refraining from doing a deed because of people is Riya’ and doing a deed because of them is Shirk

Persisting to follow Allah’s Orders and abstain from His Prohibitions seeking His Reward and fearing His Punishment

Swearing by other than Allah

Expressing pride in being knowledgeable to others

Getting rid of ostentation


Those who judge by other than Allah’s revealed laws

Obligation of appealing to the Qur’an and the Sunnah for legal rulings in case of disputes

The meaning of Al-Taghut and interpreting the Ayah “They wish to go for judgement (in their disputes) to the Taghut”

Taghut is anything in which a servant exceeds the limits whether it is worship, following, or obedience

Not everything worshiped besides Allah is considered as Taghut

Impermissibility of pursuing lawsuits under a non-Muslim government

Seeking judgment from Shari`ah and not from tribal rules

Governments ruling according to laws not revealed by Allah as non-Muslim governments

Participating in enacting a law opposing Islamic rulings

Muslims voting for non-Muslims in elections

A Muslim cooperating with a Christian in whatever does not contradict with Islamic Shari`ah

Taking oaths to respect positive laws

Ruling on invoking Allah against a ruler who does not judge according to what Allah has revealed

Studying positive laws and working as an attorney

Studying positive laws and working as an attorney or a judge


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